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  • 鄭維儀:Is Buddhism Eco-friendly? Examining the Case of Tzu Chi in Taiwan Using Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theory(刊於法印學報第4期)

 Is Buddhism Eco-friendly? Examining the Case of Tzu Chi in Taiwan 

Using Niklas Luhmann’s Systems Theory

Cheng, Wei-yi *

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ABSTRACT:

Many Buddhists or scholars promote Buddhism as holistically ecological. This view is popular and unquestioned for a long time so much so that there are terms such as ‘eco-Buddhism’ or ‘green Buddhism’. However, since the late twentieth century, this view has been challenged. Some scholars question whether Buddhism offer holistic and genuine discourse on ecology or it is a product of Buddhist apologists. This paper will use the case study of a Buddhist organization in Taiwan- Tzu Chi, to reflect on this debate. It will examine Tzu Chi’s environmental protection works through the standpoint of Niklas Luhmann’s systems theory. By so doing, I hope to offer a new perspective on the relationship between Buddhism and ecological discourse.

Keywords: Buddhist ecology, Niklas Luhmann, Tzu Chi, eco-religious communication

* Assistant Professor, Department of Religious Studies, Hsuan Chuang University
This article is the second report on a Research Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology. The project number is NSC 101-2632-H-364-001-MY3. The execution of this project is during August 1, 2012 until July 31, 2015.


佛教是生態友善的嗎?
以盧曼系統理論檢視慈濟

鄭維儀(玄奘大學宗教學系助理教授)*

摘要:

  許多佛教徒或者學者將佛教視為對生態友善的宗教,能為生態提供全方位的論述,甚至有了「生態佛教」等名詞。然而在二十世紀末以來,有些學者提出不同意見,認為生態佛教不過是佛教護教者的產物,佛教本身並不具有生態保護的傳統。本文將採用盧曼的系統理論觀點,檢視台灣佛教團體慈濟的環保工作,以期能對佛教與生態之間的關係提供新的論點。

關鍵詞:佛教生態學、盧曼、慈濟、宗教生態溝通

* 本文係科技部整合型研究計畫《台灣環境倫理與動物倫理之佛教論述、影響與前瞻》之第二期報告。該項計畫編號為NSC 101-2632-H-364-001-MY3。本計畫執行期間自民國101年08月01日起至104年07月31日止。


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