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  • 柴田幹夫:大谷光瑞與臺灣——以「逍遙園」為中心(刊於法印學報第4期)

  大谷光瑞與臺灣——以「逍遙園」為中心

柴田幹夫/著‧闞正宗/譯 *

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摘要:

  本文旨在探討西本願寺派在臺布教歷程與其第二十二代法主大谷光瑞(1876-1948)來臺灣的因緣。曾三次組織「大谷探險隊」在中亞地區調查佛教古蹟的大谷光瑞,巡迴亞洲之後,最後選擇落腳臺灣。本文以他在高雄所建之「逍遙園」為中心,並比較「逍遙園」與京都西本願寺「飛雲閣」及其起居的「三夜莊」建築物之異同。同時說明大谷光瑞將臺灣看做是「帝國的如意寶珠」,一心推動臺灣「熱帶產業」落實的企圖心。

關鍵詞:大谷光瑞、西本願寺、逍遙園、熱帶產業、布教使

* 柴田幹夫,日本國立新潟大學准教授
   闞正宗,佛光大學佛教學院/佛教學系助理教授


OTANI, Kozui and Taiwan– A case study of “SHOYOEN”

SHIBATA, Mikio, Kan, Cheng-tsung trans. *

ABSTRACT:

This paper aims to probe the preaching history of the sect of Buddhism, Nishi Hongwanji Temple in Taiwan, the cause and background why its 22nd abbot, OTANI, Kozui (1876-1948) came to Taiwan. Having organized “Otani expedition” three times to investigate Buddhist sites in Central Asia, OTANI, Kozui decided to settle down in Taiwan after he toured Asia. This paper focuses on Shoyoen, a villa he built in Kaohsiung, and compares it with Hiunkaku of Nishi Hongwanji Temple in Kyoto and his residence, “Three-night Manor House”(sanyehzhuang), for their differences and similarities in architecture. Meanwhile, the paper also states that Otani Kozui regarded Taiwan as a “cintamani [wish-fulfilling jewel] of the empire” and had the ambition to wholeheartedly push Taiwan’s “Tropical industries” into practice.
 
Keywords: Otani Kozui, Nishi Hongwanji Temple, Shoyoen, tropical industry, preacher

* SHIBATA, Mikio, Associate Professor, National Niigata University, Japan
   Kan, Cheng-tsung, Assistant Professor, College and Department of Buddhist Studies, Fo Guang University


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